Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives nans to these sounds reality. Comment in Int J Psychoanal. Loewald described the experience of the transference as comparable to “an illness, insofar as it is a regressive and unsettling experience, not dissimilar to Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists.

The article examines how Eros, understood in terms of the psyche’s synthetic strivings, plays a major role in Loewald’s theory. He is able to accomplish the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time.

The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. His views throughout are undergirded by a bi-directional developmental view that centers on differentiation and integration. Loewald was born in Colmarthen Germany. Views Read Edit View history.

Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist. Loewald also wrote an illuminating study of the Freud-Jung relationship under the title ‘Transference and Counter-Transference’. Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process. The author also situates Loewald’s position within contemporary psychoanalytic discussions of epistemology.

This section does not cite any sources. Hans Loewald’s work was relatively marginalized in its day and it is little loewxld outside loewsld United States.


Hans Loewald

Loewald’s argument, however, runs in the opposite direction. While apparently a traditional Freudian, Loewald in his thinking is both elegant and quietly revisionist [1] – a radical conservatist. The Impossible Profession p. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. These discussions tend to criticize the objectivism of modern science-and analysis in hnas far as it models itself on science-and stress countertransference and the subjectivity of the analyst.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas loewals his person have become the basis for a Loewaldian school or approach, and he is not as well known as other innovators of comparable ooewald.

Loewald, contrary to Freud, saw the parents as complementary with hanx advantages and disadvantages of their own. The paper includes brief reflections on how to assess psychoanalytic theories, like Loewald’s, developed before empirical research that seems to challenge them.

She suggests that Loewald holds in all of these realms, and without apparent contradiction, a doubled–emphatically ego-psychological and emphatically object-relational–perspective, and an equal commitment to both the first topography and the structural theory. Unlike SullivanDaniel Sternand Freud, whose understanding of language included a sharp distinction between verbal and preverbal expressions, Loewald states that verbal and preverbal expressions are a form of sensory loewal.

The psychoanalytic vision of Hans Loewald.

Retrieved from ” https: Indeed, Loewald’s work contains an integrative vision that is unusual in today’s fragmented psychoanalytic world. Gay, Reading Freud p. The father presents autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss.

This author tries to show how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard. His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating. Loewald’s attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The task of ego development is to integrate both parts.


His father, who died shortly after his birth, was a Jewish physician with an interest in dermatology and psychiatry; his mother a gifted musician, who played the piano.

Psychopathology is caused by a split between these processes, between fantasy and reality.

Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, hzns leading to complete detachment from the original object.

Because of his concern with the autonomy and individuality of the patient, he is concerned with the clinical dangers rising from an overemphasis on the subjectivity of the analyst. Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete the individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to the next.

This page was last edited on 1 Octoberat Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in It is, however, assuming increasing importance in American psychoanalysis.

In this paper the author attempts to characterize the scope and depth of Loewald’s theory–his vision of the psyche and psychic life, or metapsychology, his characterization of the loeewald process, and his vision of the clinical and human goals of psychoanalysis. Gay, Freud p.