Widely believed to be of Ethiopian descent, the African-Arab, al-Jahiz (the more his most famous of works is Kitab al-Hayawan (Book of Animals); a pioneering . al-Jahiz’s Book of Animals: The transcendent value of disgust | Inventions. The most famous book written by Al-Jahiz is Kitab al-Hayawan (Book of Animals). This multi-volume book does not only describe more than.

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He tells many anecdotes of the scholars of the House of Wisdom, many of whom appear to have been his friends.

However, there is little evidence to suggest that one spieces of animal evolved to another spieces, or evolution occured from plant to animal. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al-Jahiz. They are all written in a language very accessible for the common person. Although the Book of Animals consists of a wide range of od, the great amount of scientific information given is of great value. The fact that he never held an official position allowed him an intellectual freedom impossible to someone connected to the court.

Evolution of mankind coming from Adam and Hawa — a single point of origin which scientists agree — to all the different races is proof for evolution. Znimals continuing to use this website, you agree boo their use. BasraAbbasid Caliphate. It is said that his mother once offered him a tray full of notebooks and told him he would earn his living from writing. Short feature film from producer Ahmed Salim that explores the animal kingdom through the animald of Al-Jahiz.

His education was highly facilitated by the fact that the Abbasid Caliphate was in a period of cultural and intellectual revolution. Seeking to widen his intellectual horizions further, he travelled to Aljahiz, Beirut, Samarra and Baghdad, the Abbasid capital, where he wl-jahiz for many years. This manuscript, which dates from the 14th century, was discovered in the Ambrosiana Library in Milan in by the Swedish scholar Oscar Lofgren.

Photo by Diana Tyszko Source. He earned his living through his writings such as book dedications and teaching, rather than the patronage of the court. Al-Jahiz never lost sight of his readers, and developed a very personal and characteristic style, which blended anecdote, serious subjects and jokes, in an effort to hold their interest. Actually this short essay is not about correctness or wrongness of the evolutionary theory.


White and black are snimals results of environment, the natural properties of water and soil, distance from the sun, and intensity of heat.

Chuo cha Uchunguzi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili Yet, another source for his inspiration to study wild nature is barely mentioned, and that is the earlier Islamic literature in biology and zoology.

He went on to write two hundred books in his lifetime on a variety of subjects, including Arabic grammarzoologypoetry, lexicography, and rhetoric. Namara inscription Pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions. It brings to life one of the oldest books written in Arabic about animals to help inspire curiosity in children and to promote caring for all living things.

The Book of Misers, for example is also very popular.

As he suggested, inanimate elevates to plant level and animals are anmals from plants. He developed a love for – and expertise in the Arabic language becoming an avid reader and prolific writer. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

More importantly, he communicates to us the excitement of an intelligent non-specialist confronted with radical scientific, philosophical and theological speculations. This is said to have been the beginning of his career as a writer, which would become his sole source of living.

As such, evolution theory is just a theory that does not explain the natural world and is not just against Islamic thought but also scientific evidence. Other things, please, better to leave to scientists.


Guide for parents, teachers and educators full of easy to do hands-on activities and demonstrations that link to the world of animals and create awareness about environmental issues. These books also had the role of a kf drive for the progress of research in modern science in zoology, biology, evolutionary theories, medicine, veterinary, anatomy, etc.

He was a man of reason and logic, which generated a spirit of life-long independence. This does not mean that al-ajhiz was never serious, but that in all his major works, seriousness and humor are inextricably mixed; it is sometimes difficult to know when he is joking and when he is not.

  AFM 900-3 PDF

FROM AL-JAHIZ (776-868) TO CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882)

It would have saddened him that so many of his own have perished, but he would have animmals delighted, one feels, with the manuscript from which the illustrations that adorn this article are taken.

He gives a detailed account of the social organization of ants, including, from his own observation, a description of how they store grain in their nests in such a way that it does not spoil during the rainy season.

Van Gelder, Beyond the Line: The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam.

Over a span twenty-five years, he would acquire considerable knowledge of Arabic poetryArabic philologyand pre-Islamic Arab history. They are courageous, energetic, and generous, which are the virtues of nobility, and also good-tempered and with little propensity to evil.

He could be called the first evolutionist in the world. The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam by F. Some of the animals he mentioned have today endangered species like leopards, lions, ostriches, elephants, rhinos, giraffes, chameleons and more.

I am impressed with the reality that how the Muslim thought was open, comprehensive and creative in history. Al-Jahiz died in It is obviously copied by an educated scribe who has indicated the vowels — not normally written in Arabic — which allow the text to be more accurately understood than heretofore.

Al-Jahiz – Wikipedia

Arabic texts are worthy of being studied with the care, attention and creativity afforded English literary heritage, adds Miller, who also speaks some French, Italian, German and Hebrew. New York University Press. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Even more important than the text, however, are the superb miniatures which illuminate it.

The availability of a cheap writing material was accompanied by another social phenomenon, of which al-Jahiz himself was a product: Seeking to widen his intellectual horizons further, he travelled to Damascus, Beirut, Samarra and Baghdad, the Abbasid capital, where he resided for many years.