wie die Objekte zu bilden sind, ist im ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK) Topographisch-Kartographischen Informationssystems (ATKIS®) und basiert. Comparison of two aggregation methods (ATKIS): a input dataset der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog: ). Teil D ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog (ATKIS-OK). Landesvermessungsamt Nordrhein -Westfalen, Bonn () 3. Bishr, Y.A.: Semantic Aspects of Interoperable GIS.
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There could only be a region determined in which a certain object was located.
Determination of the study area In the end ofthe first considerations about the volume and sources and the way of reclamation the word-pool have been made. Evaluation of exemplary sources Littoral Toponyms and Water-Names A special challenge to the gazetteer service was the fast-changing geomorphology of the coastal area. Gazetteers became popular and common like dictionaries and encyclopaedias and other objektartenkqtalog sources.
For the search with a gazetteer, it is desirable that such inaccuracies can be considered within the spatial search with the help of buffer areas.
The accuracy of the borders varies not only from object to object, but can be also very different for the same object.
 – Digitales Landschaftsmodell
Especially for names in rare languages and dialectic forms the documentation of the speech-sound appears desirably. For described timescales a characteristic value and a term of temporal haziness is used: Then the generated reference trajectory based on GNSS and the objetkartenkatalog criteria are described. In objektarteenkatalog times, ghost driver incidents become a major concern for every individual road user.
In the northern part, seawards the mouth of the Elbe, as well as in the atkiz mouths of the large tidal channels like the Hever, the spatial shifting of sandbanks, tidal shoals and creeks are partly even more serious. Finland, Sweden, Denmark and France. Also, names from sailing instructions or from maps created before the 19th century could not be determined by coordinates satisfactory.
Only Norwegian FKB is a multi-resolution database. Falschfahrten auf Autobahnen, Schlussbericht, The relevant factors of influence are concentrated at the narrow transition area from sea to land.
For the evaluation of absolute positional and shape accuracy of road segments in the given digital maps and hence the comparison of map quality between commercial, official and free datasets, precise kinematic reference trajectories based on differential carrier-phase GNSS positioning were generated using a high-end geodetic GNSS two-frequency receiver Leica Viva GS15 mounted on a land akis with CS15 field controller.
FIG Article of the Month – November
Taking advantage of the above described criteria, the absolute and relative positional accuracy of digital road network data to be investigated in this work can be calculated efficiently. Table 2 summarizes several relevant attributes for vehicle telematics applications such as routing and navigation that are contained in our spatial databases: Big tidal shoals, sometimes with designated names, may become divided, grow together, change its form or disappear completely within a few years time.
From the accuracy assessment results, it can be seen that the final average RMS values of absolute position error of all the four datasets are around 2 meters, while the differences between these RMS values are small: The number of topographic objects and their attributes is much higher that in the Polish topographic database. Blackie praised his self-published Imperial Gazetteer: Hence, the footprint of a toponym Hill,  can only be identified at a certain point in time.
First solutions to work with periods have been worked out by Feinberg et al.
They became common, particularly in the 19th century many publishing companies released detailed local geographical listings. Compared to the land, in the offshore area westward from the “Wadden” only a few toponyms might be found. There are many projects that concentrate on the development of gazetteers.
Dokumente der aktuellen GeoInfoDok-Version 6.0
Questions like the entry of harmful substances by river systems or the linkage of transportation nets and ports can only be recognised from the perspective of the overview. This project covers the development of a robust D GNSS-based real-time algorithm for recording accurate vehicle trajectory data and various types of map matching algorithms for estimating continuous and reliable vehicle location on the identified road segment.
In some testing areas also micro-toponyms of specific aspects will be collected Figure 1. There, borders of the validity area of the toponyms can only specified by definition or better described by a transition area. Read View source View history.
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The gathering of the field names for recent existing polders at the west coast was promptly accomplished due to the good data source situation. Buckland Time period directories: With the rapid development of digital road maps over the years, current quality-assured digital road map data can be provided with required accuracy and level of details.
The investigated map data have achieved 2 m RMS absolute positional accuracy and 1 m RMS relative positional accuracy.
Furthermore, the current collection informs about the toponyms extracted from historical sources, which are in common use today; other, no longer used designations can be assigned with a final value of temporal validity.
Basically it can differentiate between events and eras the yearor around a. The implementation of a gazetteer in a georeferenced digital library. A ghost driver is an individual who travels in a wrong direction or completely against traffic flow.
That was followed by an analysis of similarities and differences of their contents range in relation to TBD. These preliminary studies show that the digital map quality has obviously improved in recent years due to the rapid technological progress and a growing number of users.