PDF | The ecological flexibility of the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus) enables it to live from the sea level in the Mediterranean area up to m a.s.l. . Eliomys quercinus is found throughout Europe to Asia to North Africa. It is also found in Finland. Garden dormice were introduced into Britian by the Romans in . Eliomys quercinus in Mammal Species of the World. Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) Mammal Species of the World – A.
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Garden dormouse threats Populations of garden dormice in eastern Europe have declined significantly over the last 30 years, and may now inhabit quercinhs than 50 percent eliomye its former range 4.
Although the differentiations of the clades are ancient, suggesting that these refuges were active long before the start of the Quaternary ice ages, genetic differentiation continued during this period. Garden dormouse Eliomys quercinus. The species is mainly distributed in the Palearctic region, although several species of the genus Graphiurus are found in southern and central Africa. The common name “garden dormouse” is misleading because of the variety of habitats in which these rodents are found.
In spite of its name, the garden dormouse’s main habitat is the forest, though it can also be found in fruit-growing regions. Gliridae and the radiation of Graphiurus in Africa. The mitochondrial lineages found in E. The fur on the upper surface of dormice may be any color of gray or brown.
Eliomys quercinus – Wikispecies
Before hibernation, dormice put on weight to last the duration of the long hibernation. Garden dormouse conservation The garden dormouse is listed on Appendix III of the Bern Convention, meaning that this species is protected, but may be subject to some exploitation if in accordance with certain regulations 5.
Molecular insights quercjnus the colonization and chromosomal diversification of Madeiran house mice. Breeding season Copulations can occur from May to October, with heats every quercunus days.
Exceptional chromosomal mutations in a rodent population are not strongly underdominant. Multiple maternal origins and weak phylogeographic structure in domestic goats. The comparison of the phylogeographic structure of samples of E.
Both reconstructions showed a high differentiation between clades and supported the same topology between subclades, except for the median-joining network that linked the clades of E. Communication and Perception Eliomys quercinus communicate using vocalizations, including whistles, growls, or snores. quedcinus
Geographic distribution of samples of Eliomys quercinus and E. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: The various intraspecific haplogroups of E.
Even during daily naps eliomyys are difficult to wake. Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Finally, there was low support in the Alpine clade for a segregation between haplotypes that quercinuw coincided with the geographical barrier formed by the Alps, with one group including all Italian Alps populations BT The presence of 2 well-differentiated subclades in Portugal and southwestern France, and the absence of a north–south diversity gradient, suggest the existence of allopatric refuges in these regions for the species Table 2.
The expected frequencies solid linebased on a population growth decline model, using the DNAsp version 5. Blind and naked at birth, they open their eyes after about 18 days, and are nursed until they are one month old. Moreover, contact zones between chromosomal races, for instance Eliojys and the Alps, could be additional targets for conservation efforts, because these regions include both distinct chromosomal races and potentially hybrids between these races.
One additional haplotype from quervinus Italy was next to the Italian clade.
The same distribution was observed for the western European clade and to a lesser extent for the Iberian clade Fig. The proportions of these foods in the diet vary depending on the season; for example, in summer, the garden dormouse eats mainly insects and fruit, while in autumn, the diet consists primarily of fruit. Phylogeny and evolution of the Neotropical rodent genus Calomys: Most likely tree of the PhyML reconstruction for the 37 cytochrome- b gene haplotypes of Eliomys quercinus4 haplotypes of E.
Japanese dormouse Glirulus japonicus. Accessed December 31, at https: Extant species of family Gliridae Dormice. Quervinus on the Robertsonian chromosomal variation of Mus musculus domesticus Rodentia, Muridae in Greece. Eliomys quercinus is able to regenerate its tail if it is somehow removed.
Similar to all Gliridae from temperate regions, E. We thus suggest that all European garden dormice belong to the species E.
Eliomys quercinus (Linnaeus, ) – Lérot – Overview
The altricial young open their eyes at three weeks of age Quercinua, In addition, in some areas of orchards, this fruit-eating rodent is considered a pest 4. Phylogeographical and population genetic structures. Bitume and 3 referees for comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. A litter consists of two to eight offspring, which are born after a gestation period of 22 to 28 days. Similar patterns of distinct chromosomal races in the sibling species E.
The presence of differentiated subclades in Italy reveals that the populations differentiated in allopatric refuges, as observed for other species such as the common squirrel Sciurus vulgariswhich shows a distinct lineage in Calabria Grill et al.
In South America it includes the scrub ecotone between forest and paramo. Eliomys quercinus lives in steepe deserts, hollow trees, rock crevices, and human dwellings.
Asdell, ; Burton and Burton, ; Nowak, This may reflect genetic bottlenecks or recent population expansion from a small number of founder individuals in Alpine and western European clades and Corsica and Sardinia subclades Avise Eliomys quercinus has a body length of to mm.
The garden dormouse, which is thought to be most active at night, is reported to uqercinus with agility in trees, querclnus can also often qurecinus found on the ground 2. Conservation efforts must be focused on each eljomys these evolutionarily significant units in order to conserve intraspecific genetic and chromosomal diversities. DNA from Eliomys sp. The short, curved claws and cushion-like covering of each foot makes this species, like other dormice, an adept climber 3and its relatively large ears and eyes hint at its well-developed sense of hearing and ability to vocalise 3.
The species is also present in northern Germany, but that population is apparently not capable of large-scale querinus.