The trend of attaining covalent character by ionic compounds as a consequence of polarisation may be generalized in terms of Fajan’s rule. According to this. Fajans’ Rule for the prediction of relative nonpolar character. Electrostatic forces in a crystal Learn Fajans’ Rule by Disclosing Covalent Characteristics in Ionic. Fajan Rule: Greater is the polarization, greater is the covalent character. | Online Chemistry tutorial IIT, CBSE Chemistry, ICSE Chemistry, engineering and.

Author: Dishicage Nijas
Country: Latvia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 14 March 2013
Pages: 152
PDF File Size: 4.16 Mb
ePub File Size: 14.79 Mb
ISBN: 515-9-53481-710-4
Downloads: 84013
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Munris

Fajans’ Rule – Disclosing Covalent Characteristics in Ionic Bonds

Practise s of questions mapped to your syllabus. When two non-polar molecules approach, attractions or repulsions between the electrons and nuclei can lead to distortions in their electron clouds i. Chemistry Chemistry Articles Fajans Rule.

In the time with the help of X-ray crystallography, he was able to predict ionic or covalent bonding with the attributes like ionic and atomic radius. The covalent compounds exist in all the three states i. Your email address will not be published. The forces involved in these cases are called London dispersion forces after Fritz Wolfgang London, The various types of these ruls span large differences in energy and for the halogens and interhalogens are generally quite small.

In this case, the aluminium ion’s charge will “tug” on the electron cloud of iodine, drawing it closer to itself. This question appears to be off-topic.

Fajan’s Rules | Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Chemistry, Class 11

From an MO perspective, the orbital overlap disperses the charge on each ion and so weakens the electrovalent forces throughout the solid, this can be used to explain the trend seen for the melting points of lithium halides. They can be summarized in the following table: Covalent compounds have low melting and fahans point because the molecules in covalent compounds are held together less rigidly.


In this case, both are chlorides, so the anion remains the same. The changes seen in the variation of MP and BP for the dihalogens and binary interhalogens can be attributed to the increase in the London dispersion forces of attraction between the molecules. Electronic configuration of the cation: Boiling Point Of Oxygen.

In inorganic chemistryFajans’ rulesformulated by Kazimierz Fajans in[1] [2] [3] are used to predict whether a chemical bond will be covalent or ionicand depend on the charge on the cation and the relative sizes of the cation and anion.

The users who voted urles close gave this specific reason: Jj Thomson Atomic Theory.

Fajan’s Rules

How do I ask homework questions on Chemistry Stack Exchange? It is found that the greater the possibility of polarization, the lower is the fajasn point and heat of sublimation and the greater is the solubility in non-polar solvents. They can be summarized in the following table:.

From fajabs Table below the observed dipole moment of KBr is given as Because if this electron cloud of anion is more diffused. On the left, the cation charge increases size decreases and on the right, the anion size increases, both variations leading to an increase in the covalency. Thus covalency increases in the order: Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered.


Retrieved from ” https: When two molecules are close together, the instantaneous dipole of one molecule can induce a dipole in the second molecule. The covalent character is found in compounds which have high polarizing cation and high polarizable anion. They usually consists of molecules rather than ions.

Views Read Edit View history. For help asking a good homework question, see: Covalent character of lithium halides is in the order:. Login to track and save your performance. As the atoms in covalent compounds are held together by the shared electrons ,it is rigid and directional.

Two contrasting examples can illustrate the variation in effects. Hence covalent character increases. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Rupes.

The greater is the polarisation produced, more is the neutralisation of the charges and hence the ionic character decreases or the covalent character increases. These compounds are molecular in nature and not ionic, their reactions are molecular and proceed at a much slower rate than those of ionic compounds.

Whilst not strictly true for heteronuclear molecules it does provide a simple cajans method for predicting the bond character. The deciding factor must be the cation. Where as larger is the size of anion, more will be the polarization of anion.